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Labor, Loyalty, and Rebellion

Labor, Loyalty, and Rebellion

Southwestern Illinois Coal Miners & World War I

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Carl R. Weinberg


Paperback (Other formats: E-book)
280 pages, 6 x 9, 24 illustrations


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About the Book

On April 5, 1918, as American troops fought German forces on the Western Front, German American coal miner Robert Prager was hanged from a tree outside Collinsville, Illinois, having been accused of disloyal utterances about the United States and chased out of town by a mob. In Labor, Loyalty, and Rebellion: Southwestern Illinois Coal Miners and World War I, Carl R. Weinberg offers a new perspective on the Prager lynching and confronts the widely accepted belief among labor historians that workers benefited from demonstrating loyalty to the nation.

The first published study of wartime strikes in southwestern Illinois is a powerful look at a group of people whose labor was essential to the war economy but whose instincts for class solidarity spawned a rebellion against mine owners both during and after the war. At the same time, their patriotism wreaked violent working-class disunity that crested in the brutal murder of an immigrant worker. Weinberg argues that the heightened patriotism of the Prager lynching masked deep class tensions within the mining communities of southwestern Illinois that exploded after the Great War ended.


Carl R. Weinberg is a labor historian whose articles and reviews have been published in New Georgia Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia of American Labor, Georgia Historical Quarterly, and Oral History Review. He teaches labor studies at Indiana University.


“With consummate skill and dexterity, Carl Weinberg pulls at the loose thread of a wartime lynching in the Illinois coalfields and unravels, strand by strand, the seam to a complicated world in which working people caught in the crosswinds of orchestrated militarism and collective self-assertion struggled to find their bearings. Richly documented, patiently constructed, and methodically argued, Labor, Loyalty and Rebellion deserves a wide readership among scholars and labor and antiwar activists alike.”—Brian Kelly, author of Race, Class, and Power in the Alabama Coalfields, 1908–1921

“Weinberg makes an original contribution to scholarship on U.S. labor during World War I, and his controversial conclusions are likely to stir useful debate among all those who are interested in understanding the American homefront during the Great War.”—Joseph A. McCartin, author of Labor’s Great War: The Struggle for Industrial Democracy and the Origins of Modern American Labor Relations, 1912–1921